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Essay Writing の思考プロセス 第5回


今回の Topic は、英検1級2014年第2回の問題です。


1. Topic  


     Can the global food supply be ensured in the coming decades?


Body の部分を構成する3つの Paragraph の Main Idea は、

第1 Paragraph 科学技術の進歩、とりわけAIを備えたロボットの導入は、農業生産性を著しく向上させる

第2 Paragraph 遺伝子工学、とりわけクローン技術の進歩は、家畜や魚の数を人間が必要とするレベルにまで増やせる

第3 Paragraph グローバル化から取り残された諸国における食糧供給網の不備は、交通インフラストラクチャー構築を



2. Sample 

     In my opinion, the global food supply can be secured in the coming decades since advances in technology, together with international cooperation, could boost productivity in agriculture and food distribution.   

     To begin with, as recent robotics technologies combined with AI (artificial intelligence) have made a great progress, the cost for producing food, from crops to dairy product, could be reduced significantly.  With those highly intelligent robots working in farms twenty four hours a day, seven days a week, it would be possible for humans to produce as much food as needed.  Fish supply could also be stable to satisfy increasing demand, by cultivating endangered fish on a large scale.  For instance, thanks to the research in Kinki University in Japan, tuna fish has already been cultivated in numbers in the ocean.  

     In addition, the recent advancement in life science, especially in cloning technology, has led us to believe that meat, poke and chicken production will increase dramatically in the near future.  With the help of cloning technology, livestock farms could multiply the numbers of cows, pigs, and chickens easily.  Moreover, advanced cloning technology would make it possible to develop cheap but nutritious artificial foods.  As a result, worldwide food supply, including crops, meats, fish, and artificial ones, would reach the point where it could meet the growing demand even if the human population exceeds ten billion in the coming decades.   

     Finally, international cooperation between developed countries and developing countries, where food supply is constantly in critical situation, can establish framework for efficient food distribution system.  As is often the case with countries marginalized from globalization, people living in those countries have difficulty accessing food because it takes time to distribute food throughout the country.  If developed countries could help them build infrastructure for lifeline, fresh food would be delivered timely and sufficiently to every market and then, to every household.   

     It is true that the world population is growing so fast that it has become very difficult to keep up with the demand for food.  However, because of the three reasons I mentioned above, I believe that global food supply can be ensured in the coming decades.    


To be continued.